Every year OSHA publishes the Top 10 most cited violations. And every year those citations are almost identical.  As usual, the 2014 list didn’t change much from 2013.  In fact, the same 10 standards made up the top 10 in 2013, with the order being only slightly different.  Once again the top 4 were exactly the same!

The following is a list of the top 10 most frequently cited standards following inspections of worksites by OSHA. OSHA publishes this list to alert employers about these commonly cited standards so they can take steps to find and fix recognized hazards addressed in these and other standards prior to an audit by OSHA.

“Far too many preventable injuries and illnesses occur in the workplace.” – OSHA

Citation generators by category:

1. – Fall Protection – General Requirements (1926.501)
Residential construction accounts for over half of these violations.  Other things to look for under this section includes: Unprotected sides and edges; Roofing work on low-slope roofs; and Unprotected holes.

2. – Hazard Communication (1910.1200)
Not maintaining a written hazard communication program caused most of the citations in this section, followed by not training employees and not labeling chemical containers.

3. – Scaffolding (1926.451)
Protection from falls to a lower level always make up the majority of citations under this section.  Planking or decking requirements and point of access for scaffold platforms are the next two reasons for citations.

4. – Respiratory Protection (1910.134)
Medical evaluation general requirements and establishing and implementing written respirator protection program combined for over one fourth of the violations.  Improper selection of respirators and not performing employee fit testing both help keep this at number four.

5. – Powered Industrial Trucks (1910.178)
The top five reasons for these citations are: Safe operation not being utilized; Lack of refresher training and evaluation; No certification of trained and evaluated operators; Not taking truck out of service when repairs are necessary; and Not properly maintaining the industrial trucks.

6. – Lockout/Tagout (1910.147)
The lack of energy control procedures caused one third of these citations.  The lack of periodic inspections, no/inadequate energy control program in place, and not training employees accounted for the balance of these citations.

7. – Ladders (1926.1053)
Requirements for portable ladders used for accessing upper landing surfaces lead to the majority of these citations.  Other contributing factors include: Ladder use only for its design purpose; Not using the top or top step of stepladder as a step; Marking portable ladders with structural defects with tags noting them as defective; and  Employees shall not carry objects or loads that could cause them to lose balance and fall.

8. – Electrical – Wiring methods (1910.305)
Improper use of flexible cords and cables caused one third of the citations in this section. Conductors entering boxes, cabinets or fittings and Identification, splices and terminations also contributed to this citation count.

9. – Machine Guarding (1910.212)
The lack of guarding or using inadequate guards account for almost 2,500 of these citations. Not anchoring fixed machinery and having employees exposed to blades made up the balance of these citations.

10. – Electrical – General Requirements (1910.303)
Improper installation and use of equipment was the top citation generator in this section. Other things that helped this become number nine are inadequate space around electric equipment and inadequate services, feeders and branch circuits

OSHA’s special emphasis on these areas is clearly consistent year over year and enforcement is definitely on the rise.  Employers with a commitment to worker safety take a proactive approach to mitigating these hazards.  Getting help from EHS professionals who know what to look for when OSHA knocks is a great place to start.  If you haven’t considered a “Mock OSHA Audit” before, now may be the time.

Make sure you take steps now to avoid being part of 2015’s statistics!