The Liberty Mutual Workplace Safety Index indicates that the 10 most disabling injuries amounted to $59.58 billion a year in direct workers’ compensation costs which is an increase of 7.55% ($55.4 billion) from the last index.

Overexertion and falls accounted for more than $25 billion.  

In its 25th year, the annual ranking of top 10 causes of serious, nonfatal workplace injuries is based on the company’s workers’ compensation claims data and data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and the National Academy of Social Insurance. They looked at the data from 2023, the most recent year which complete data is available, to determine which events caused employees to miss six or more days of work and then ranked them by total workers’ compensation costs.

The top 10 injury causes and total costs in billions to employers for 2023 are: 

  1. Overexertion involving outside source (lifting, pushing, pulling, holding, carrying): $12.84
  2. Falls on same level: $8.98
  3. Falls to lower level: $6.09
  4. Struck by object of equipment: $5.14
  5. Exposure to other harmful substances (includes COVID-19) $3.35
  6. Other exertions or bodily reactions (bending, crawling, reaching, twisting, climbing, stepping, kneeling, sitting, standing, walking): $3.67
  7. Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicle: $2.58
  8. Caught in or compressed by equipment or objects: $1.98
  9. Slip or trip without fall: $1.92
  10. Pedestrian vehicular incident $1.61